- Plants Native to Oklahoma for Landscaping [with Pictures]
- The Best Texas Native Plants for Landscaping
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.
Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas Trees
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Sun||Moisture||Height||Comments|
|Florida Maple||Acer barbatum||P||W-A||20-25'||Not as much fall clr as sug maple; seeds eaten by birds|
|Red Maple||Acer rubrum||P-S||W-D||60-100'||One of 1st trees to show fall color; small red dense flwrs|
|Chalk Maple||Acer saccharum||P||A-D||25-30'||Brilliant yellow-orange to crimson in fall; pest free|
|Red Buckeye||Aesculus pavia||F-S||W-A||10-15'||Salmon/red flwrs in spring; attracts hummers and bees|
|River Birch||Betula nigra||F-P||W-A||30-90'||Multistemmed desired; seeds attract birds|
|Blue Beech||Carpinus carolianiana||S||W-A||35-50'||Good street tree; scarlet fall color|
|Hackberry||Celtis laevigata||F-P||W-A||60-80'||Orange to blue-black, fruit attracts birds; yellow in fall|
|Redbud||Cercis canadensis||P-S||A-D||15-30'||Rosy-pink flowers in spring; drought-tolerant; yellow in fall|
|Fringe Tree||Chionanthus virginicus||F-P||W-A||15-25'||Creamy white fragrant flowers in May; dark blue fruit in fall|
|Flowering Dogwood||Cornus florida||P||A||20-50'||4" white bracts in April; fruit attracts birds; red fall color|
|Beech||Fagus grandifolia||P||A||50-80+'||Hard to grow plants under; nuts attract birds/ squirrels|
|White Ash||Fraxinus americana||F-P||A||75-120'||Purple in fall; larval plant for butterflies; seeds for birds|
|Green Ash||Fraxinus pennsylvanica||F||A||50-75'||Adaptable tree; transplants well; green to purple flowers|
|Two-winged Silverbell||Halesia diptera||F-P||A||20-30'||White to pink, bell-shaped flowers in spring|
|Carolina Silverbell||Halesia tetraptera||F-P||A||20-60'||Similar culture to dogwood; white, bell-shaped flowers|
|Witch Hazel||Hamamelis virginiana||P||A||15-35'||Creamy to bright yellow flowers in fall; golden fall color|
|Possum Haw||Ilex decidua||P||W-D||15-30'||White flwrs in spring; orange berries into winter (female)|
|American Holly||Ilex opaca||F-S||A||25-60'||Red berries into winter; must have both sexes for berries|
|Black Walnut||Juglans nigra||F||A||50-70'||Green, rounded fruit; edible nuts with rough black shell|
|Sweet Gum||Liquidambar styraciflua||F-P||A||60-75'||Seeds eaten by birds; spiny fruit litters lawns|
|Tulip Tree||Liriodendron tulipifera||F-P||A||40-100'||Cup-shaped, fragrant flowers in spring; attracts birds|
|Cucumber Tree||Magnolia acuminata||F-P||A||60-75'||Small, knobby fruit resembles a cucumber; attracts birds|
|Southern Magnolia||Magnolia grandiflora||F-P||A||50+'||Should be planted where lowest branches reach ground|
|Sweetbay||Magnolia virginiana||P||W||12-20+'||2-3" white flwrs all summer; fruit attracts birds|
|Black Gum||Nyssa sylvatica||F-P||W-D||30-60'||Yellow, orange, red-purple fall color; honey plant for bees|
|Ironwood||Ostrya virginiana||P-S||A||30-50'||Fruiting clusters; shreddy bark; common understory tree|
|Red Bay||Persea borbonia||P||A||20-65'||Blue fruit in fall; larval plant for swallowtails; birds like fruit|
|Shortleaf Pine||Pinus echinata||F-P||D||50-100'||Dark, blue-green needles; seeds eaten by birds|
|Loblolly Pine||Pinus taeda||F-P||A||60+'||6-10" dark green leaves; most rapid growth of all pines|
|Sycamore||Platanus occidentalis||F-P||W-A||75-100'||Round seeds; white, mottled bark; leaves drop all sum|
|White Oak||Quercus alba||F||A-D||80-100'||Avoid planting near paved areas; red to wine fall color|
|Laurel Oak||Quercus laurifolia||F-P||W-A||40-60'||Transplants well; shiny leaves; acorns|
|Willow Oak||Quercus phellos||F-P||A||60+'||Yellow fall color; not as messy as some oaks|
|Carolina Buckthorn||Rhamnus caroliniana||P-S||A||12-15'||Yellowish fall color; fruit changes from red to black|
|Sassafras||Sassafras albidum||F||W-D||35-50'||Yellow, orange, pink, scarlet fall color; attracts birds|
|Bald Cypress||Taxodium distichum||F-P||W-A||50-75'||Cypress knees produced in or near water; orange fall color|
Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas Shrubs
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Sun||Moisture||Height||Comments|
|Downy Serviceberry||Amelanchier arborea||F-S||A-D||15-30"||Magenta fruit attracts birds; lrgst fruit of any serviceberry|
|False Indigo||Amorpha fruticosa||F||A-D||6-10"||Deep purple flowers with gold stamens attract butterflies|
|Sea Myrtle||Baccharis halimifolia||F||W||6-12"||Female plant covered with shiny white "clouds" in fall|
|Americ. Beautyberry||Callicarpa americana||P-S||W-A||to 6"||Small white to pink flowers in sumr; purple berries in fall|
|Chinquapin||Castanea pumila||P||A-D||to 30"||Spiked flowers; fall color; good food plant for wildlife|
|New Jersey Tea||Ceanothus americanus||F-P||A-D||2-3"||Long-lasting flowers; attracts birds, butterflies, hummers|
|Buttonbush||Cephalanthus occidentalis||S-P||W-A||10-15"||Creamy white flowers in sumr; nutlets through winter|
|Burning Bush||Euonymus atropurpureus||P-S||W-A||20-25"||Purple flowers in June; persistent red seeds|
|Wild Hydrangea||Hydrangea arborescens||P-S||W-A||3-6"||White lace cap flowers; attracts bees|
|Shrub. St. Johns Wort||Hypericum prolificum||S||W-D||3"||Yellow flowers; attracts birds; no appreciable fall color|
|Winterberry||Ilex verticillata||P-S||W-A||3-10"||Bright red berries on female plants into wint; attracts birds|
|Yaupon||Ilex vomitoria||F-S||W-D||12-25"||White flowers; red berries; good screen plant; attracts birds|
|Sweetspire||Itea virginica||P||W-A||6-8"||Red fall foliage; attracts butterflies; seeds eaten by birds|
|Spicebush||Lindera benzoin||P||A||3-12"||All parts edible and aromatic; glossy red fruit|
|Maleberry||Lyonia lingustrina||F-P||W-A||6-12"||White flowers in spring; fall color; honey plant|
|Sweet Azalea||Rhododendron canescens||Red foliage; pink/white flwrs; attracts birds and butterflies|
|Swamp Azalea||Rhododendron viscosum||Fall color; fragrant, white flwrs in sumr; forms a thicket|
|Shining Sumac||Rhus copallina||Male + female plants; maroon fall foliage; attracts birds|
|Smooth Sumac||Rhus glabra||Brilliant fall color; good in dry arrangement; not poisonous|
|Carolina Rose||Rosa carolina||Single, pink flowers in sumr; red hips in fall attract birds|
|Dwarf Palmetto||Sabal minor||Subterranean trunk; black fruits on flowering stalks|
|Elderberry||Sambucus canadensis||Creamy, white flowers; edible fruit; yellow fall foliage|
|Silky camellia||Stewartia malacodendron||Waxy white flowers; cinnamon colored bark; slow grower|
|American Silverbells||Styrax americana||Fragrant white flowers mid-spring; rounded form|
|Sparkleberry||Vaccinium arboreum||Tree-like shrub; white flowers; dark berries in fall|
|Black Haw||Viburnum prunifolium||Showy fall color; creamy white flowers; blue-black fruit|
Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas Flowering Perennials
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Comments|
|Sweet Flag||Acorus calamus||Grass-like appearance; grows in wet areas|
|False Aloe||Agave virginica||Inch-long flowers in a loose spike|
|Blue Star||Amsonia tabernaemont.||Light blue flowers; black seeds can be used for propagation|
|Carolina Anemone||Anemone caroliniana||Spring bloomer; blossom resembles sunflower|
|Lazy Daisy||Aphanosteph. skirrhobasis||Attracts butterflies; xeriscapic|
|Jack-in-the-Pulpit||Arisaema triphyllum||Red and yellow flowers; perfect for shady gardens|
|Wild Ginger||Asarum canadensis||Good shade ground cover; slug pollinated|
|Swamp Milkweed||Asclepias incarnata||All parts are poisonous|
|Butterfly Weed||Asclepias tuberosa||Adult nectar and larval food source for Monarch butterflies|
|Frost Aster||Aster pilosus||One of the toughest asters; attracts butterflies|
|White False Indigo||Baptisia alba||Drought-tolerant; parts are poisonous if ingested|
|Poppy Mallow||Callirhoe papaver||Grows well over walls and in rock gardens|
|Wild Hyacinth||Camassia scilloides||Blue, star-shaped flowers in an elongated, loose cluster|
|American Bellflower||Campanula americana||Star-shaped light violet-blue flowers|
|Tall Coreopsis||Coreopsis tripteris||Anise-like fragrance|
|Shooting Star||Dodecatheon meadia||Lilac, pink or white petals; stamens form a beak-like cone|
|Clasping Leaf Conefl.||Dracopis amplexicaulis||Attracts birds, small mammals, and butterflies|
|Purple Coneflower||Echinacea purpurea||Tolerates dry, droughty soil and hot sun; good cut flowers|
|Rattlesnake Master||Eryngium yuccifolium||Greenish-white flowers in globular, 1' diameter heads|
|Mist Flower||Eupatorium coelestinum||Eight weeks of blue flowers; spreads by rhizomes|
|Joe-Pye Weed||Eupatorium fistulosum||Rounded, pink flower clusters mid-summer to early fall|
|Closed Gentian||Gentiana saponaria||Light-blue to lilac flowers; soapy sap|
|Wild Geranium||Geranium maculatum||1' purple flowers; slender capsules resemble a crane's bill|
|Narrow-leaf Sunfl.||Helianthus simulans||Attracts birds and butterflies|
|Ox-eye Sunflower||Heliopsis helianthoides||Resembles sunflower on a shorter plant|
|Alumroot||Heuchera americana||Root has astringent qualities|
|Spider Lily||Hymenocallis occidentalis||3-4' flowers with crown of tissue connecting bases of anthers|
|Standing Cypress||Ipomopsis rubra||Red, tubular flowers; leaves with bristle-tipped segments|
|Marsh Blazing Star||Liatris spicata||Unusual in flowering from top to bottom of spike|
|Blazing Star||Liatris squarrosa||1' delicate flowers on branched stems|
|Cardinal Flower||Lobelia cardinalis||Cardinal red flowers in late summer|
|Great Blue Lobelia||Lobelia siphilitica||Elongated cluster of pale to dark blue flowers on stalk|
|Partridge Berry||Mitchella repens||White to pinkish flowers; red double berries; rich soil|
|Wild Bergamot||Monarda fistulosa||Fragrant; dried leaves make herbal tea|
|Sundrops||Oenothera fruticosa||Red stems compliment yellow flowers|
|Carolina Phlox||Phlox carolina||Earlier flowering, with thicker leaves than common phlox|
|Blue Phlox||Phlox divartica||Semi-evergreen foliage|
|Obedient Plant||Physostegia virginiana||Flowers can be twisted in any direction and stay there|
|May Apple||Podophyllum peltatum||Solitary flower at fork of 2 leaf stalks; small edible fruit|
|Solomon's Seal||Polygonatum biflorum||Beautiful, arching stem with perfectly oriented leaves|
|Meadow Beauty||Rhexia virginica||Bright, purple-pink flowers open in a.m., drop petals|
|Black-eyed Susan||Rudbeckia fulgida||A popular, tough and beautiful perennial|
|Cut-leaf Coneflower||Rudbeckia laciniata||6-10 droopy yellow petals around green center|
|Bloodroot||Sanguinaria canadensis||Bright orange-red sap in thick rootstock|
|Golden Ragwort||Senecio aureus||Cluster of daisy-like yellow flower heads|
|Fire Pink||Silene virginica||1' brilliant red star-shaped flowers|
|Wreath Goldenrod||Solidago caesia||Clusters of yellow flowers from axils of leaves|
|Sweet Goldenrod||Solidago odora||Has an anise-like odor when crushed|
|Rough-leaved Golden.||Solidago rugosa||Radiating flower form looks like fireworks|
|Indian Pink||Spigelia marilandica||Clusters of 2 to 12 vivid red tubular flowers|
|Rose Vervain||Verbena canadensis||Very attractive to butterflies; clumps of purple flowers|
|Culver's Root||Veronicastrum virginicum||Spire-like white flower stalks above deep green leaves|
|Common Blue Violet||Viola papilionacea||This is the violet often found growing wild by roads/in fields|
|Birdsfoot Violet||Viola pedata||Five petals, lavender to purple, occasionally white|
Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas Flowering Perennial Ferns
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Comments|
|Southern Maidenhair||Adiantum capillus-veneris||Bright green fronds; spreads by rhizomes|
|Ebony Spleenwort||Asplenium platyneuron||Sterile fronds are arching to flat; fertile fronds are upright|
|Sensistive Fern||Onoclea sensibilis||Easy to grow; turns yellow or russet in fall|
|Cinnamon Fern||Osmunda cinnamomea||Circular cluster of fronds; cinnamon-colored fertile fronds|
|Royal Fern||Osmunda regalis||Easy to grow; fronds are pale pink in early spring|
|Christmas Fern||Polystichum acrostichoides||Easy to grow; tufted clump of stiff, deep green fronds|
|Virginia Chain Fern||Woodwardia virginica||Lustrous, dark green, leathery fronds in a close mass|
Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas Vines
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Comments|
|Cross Vine||Bignonia capreolata||Twining tendrils bear orange-red trumpet-shaped flowers|
|Leatherflower||Clematis crispa||Blue, pink, lavender or white; dies to ground each year|
|Virgin's Bower||Clematis virginiana||White flowers in late summer to early fall|
|Yellow Jessamine||Gelsemium sempervirens||Foliage bronzes in winter; all parts of plant are toxic|
|Coral Honeysuckle||Lonicera sempervirens||Trumpet-shaped flowers mid-spring to fall attract hummers|
|Virginia Creeper||Parthenociss. quinquefolia||Excellent red fall color; attracts birds|
|Passionflower||Passiflora incarnata||Lavender flowers; edible fruit; attracts butterflies|
Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas Grasses & Grass-like
|Common Name||Scientific Name||Comments|
|Big Bluestem||Andropogon gerardi||Long-lived; slow to establish; self-seeds; orange in fall|
|Splitbeard Bluestem||Andropogon ternarius||Great cut flowers|
|Broom Sedge||Andropogon virginicus||A pioneer soil-stabilizing plant|
|Awl-fruited Sedge||Carex stipata||R elatively large green-to-black, spike-like inflorescence|
|Inland Sea Oats||Chasmanthium latifolium||Golden in fall; reseeds in moist gardens|
|Purple Lovegrass||Eragrostis spectabilis||Inflorescence in late summer appears as red-purple clouds|
|Soft Rush||Juncus effusus||Provides food and nesting to birds and other wildlife|
|Rice Cut Grass||Leersia oryzoides||Creeping perennial with flat, yellow-green leaves|
|Gulf Muhly||Muhlenbergia capillaris||Dark green, glossy leaves; dark purple inflorescence|
|Switchgrass||Panicum virgatum||Dark gold fall color; inflorescence holds into winter|
|Little Bluestem||Schizachyrium scoparium||Self-seeds; variable form and color|
|Woolgrass||Scirpus cyperinus||Long, shaggy brown inflorescence|
|Indian Grass||Sorghastrum nutans||Warm season grass; attractive most of winter; self-seeds|
|Eastern Gamagrass||Tripsacum dactyloides||Easy to grow; evergreen in frost-free areas|
|Cattail||Typha latifolia||Long green leaves; hotdog-shaped brown flower|
|Sun Exposure||Soil Moisture||Drought Tolerance|
|F = Full Sun||W = Wet||E = Excellent|
|P = Part Sun||A = Average||G = Good|
|S = Shade||D = Dry||M = Moderate|
|P = Poor|
A plant is considered native if it has occurred naturally in a particular region, ecosystem, or habitat without human introduction. Exotic plants that evolved in other parts of the world or were cultivated by humans into forms that don't exist in nature do not support wildlife as well as native plants.
Texas State Native Shrub: Texas Purple Sage
This plant, which is Texas' State Native Shrub (the non-native Texas State Shrub is the crape myrtle), responds to increased humidity and often boasts a purple patina after summer storms.
Some vines to consider are blackberry, cucumbers, snap peas, field peas, and muscadine and table grapes. These will require some trellising. Additionally, a plethora of vegetables can be grown here in Louisiana. Some will produce better than others, but they are all worth a try.
- Blue Beech.
- Eastern Red Cedar.
- Flowering Dogwood.
- Fringe Tree.
- Green Ash.
Native and indigenous are similar meaning words that refer to naturally growing plants, living animals, and even original inhabitants of a particular region. When using for animals, indigenous is used for species, while native is used for particular animals and not whole species.
Nativar: A cultivar derived from native parents and bred for a particular trait, typically resulting in a loss of genetic diversity. Nativars can have sterile flowers and produce no seeds. Native plant: A plant that originally occurs within a region as the result of natural processes rather than human intervention.
A plant that is a part of the balance of nature that has developed over hundreds or thousands of years in a particular region or ecosystem.
ANSWER: Lavendula (lavender) is native to the Meditteranean area. At the Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center, we are dedicated to the care, protection and propagation of plants native not only to North America but to the area in which the plant is being grown.
Cenizo (Leucophyllum frutescens)
Also known as Texas Sage, this plant happens to be the Official State Native Shrub of Texas!
The most common native azalea in Arkansas is Rhododendron prinophyllum that goes by such common names as roseshell azalea, wild honeysuckle azalea, mountain azalea or early azalea. Eighteen species of azaleas are native to North America with 15 of these native to the eastern states.
Two native Arkansas plants, poison-ivy and poison-oak, have three leaflets per leaf and contain urushiol, an oily allergen.
|Common name/ Scientific name||Height||Spacing|
|Clary sage Salvia sclarea||5'||24"|
|Chamomile Chamaemelum nobile||2 to 8"||18"|
|Catnip Neptea cataria||3 to 4'||12 to 18"|
|Chives Allium schoenoprasum||12"||12"|
Blackberries and dewberries are native to Louisiana, and many commercial varieties are well adapted to growing conditions of the state. They can be profitable commercial fruit crops in Louisiana. Blackberries can also be grown in the home garden with little or no pesticide usage.
Wild blackberries and dewberries grow abundantly in Louisiana and have long been treasured for cobblers, jellies, jams and other tasty dishes. Today, you can pick and enjoy these luscious berries without the discomforts of ditch banks and wooded areas, red bugs, mosquitoes and maybe a snake or two.
Unlike camellias, azaleas and crape myrtles, however, which are all native to the Far East, the Southern magnolia is native to Louisiana and the Southeast. Southern magnolias are rather large-growing trees that can reach well over 60 feet tall.
|1||Taxodium distichum (Baldcypress)||1022 ± 300 y|
|2||Quercus virginiana (Southern Live Oak)||372 ± 50 y|
|3||Pinus taeda (Loblolly Pine)||322 ± 20 y|
- Willow Oak: Willow oak is an ornamental and shade tree. ...
- LaceBark Elm: This tree can quickly adapt to any conditions it may face. ...
- Willow: The willow tree is a beautiful tree that will thrive on lots of water and is considered very wet soil tolerant.
The consensus, however, is that whenever possible, Native people prefer to be called by their specific tribal name. In the United States, Native American has been widely used but is falling out of favor with some groups, and the terms American Indian or Indigenous American are preferred by many Native people.
American Indian, Indian, Native American, or Native are acceptable and often used interchangeably in the United States; however, Native Peoples often have individual preferences on how they would like to be addressed. To find out which term is best, ask the person or group which term they prefer.
Indigenous Peoples refers to a group of Indigenous peoples with a shared national identity, such as “Navajo” or “Sami,” and is the equivalent of saying “the American people.” Native American and American Indian are terms used to refer to peoples living within what is now the United States prior to European contact.
It also often has the abbreviation "var." for variety preceding it. The first letter of a cultivar is capitalized and the term is never italicized. Cultivars are also surrounded by single quotation marks (never double quotation marks) or preceded by the abbreviation "cv.".
In short, a cultivar is a plant that is produced and maintained by horticulturists but does not produce true-to-seed; whereas, a variety is a group of plants within a species that has one or more distinguishing characteristics and usually produces true-to-seed.
When the plants in our yards are cultivars of native species, their genetic makeup is the result of artificial rather than natural selection and they possess little genetic diversity. The offspring of cultivars crossed with native plants are called hybrids.
Two indigenous plants on the site are everlasting daisy Chrysocephalum apiculatum, with grey foliage and flowers that atttact butterflies. And also kangaroo grass Themada triandra which is wind pollinated.
Native plants are typically more resistant to disease, drought and other environmental risks than other plants. They can spread quickly to crowd out any weeds, which means less maintenance and upkeep for you. Many native plants grow in such a fashion that protects the soil from being flooded with water.
Conserving Water: Because native plants are adapted to local environmental conditions, they require far less water, saving time, money, and perhaps the most valuable natural resource, water. In addition to providing vital habitat for birds, many other species of wildlife benefits as well.
If deer are a huge problem in your backyard, try planting some of the deer-resistant plants we recommend ahead. Yes, they exist! Deer hate fragrant blooms from certain herbs like lavender and especially sweet-smelling flowers, like peonies. They'll also stay away from toxic plants.
We are fortunate to have a relatively non-hostile environment for growing Lavender in Central Texas. If you have well-drained soil and a sunny exposure, you should be able to grow Lavender with ease. Humidity, poor drainage and heavy soils are the arch enemies of Lavender.
Is there a plant that can take the Texas heat, thrive on neglect, survive drought and deter the hungriest deer? If you think such a plant must surely be made of plastic, think again. It is lavender, not plastic.
Evergreen plants and trees stay green all year long -- hundreds of species thrive in climates around the world, including U. S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 8 through 10. Flowering evergreen plants, trees, shrubs, ground covers and vines bring color to gardens and landscapes.
Beets, lettuce, mustard greens, radish, and carrots are all frost-tolerant veggies that can survive temperatures as low as 32°F and will do nicely in a fall vegetable garden in Texas. Once you plant your seeds, they need to be watered daily for two weeks until the roots are mature enough to support plant growth.
Boxwood is a good option for a privacy hedge. Asian jasmine as ground cover is an important part of creating a sound barrier in noisy areas. Other options include lily turf or mondo grass paired with hedges of abelia, yaupon holly, wax myrtle or Blue Point juniper.
Wax Leaf Privet
They are also fast-growing and require little pruning. Privets produces white blooms and berries that attract a variety of colorful birds which feed on them.
Live Oak Trees
Also known as Quercus virginiana, live oaks are the most commonly planted trees in Texas. In fact, you may already have a live oak tree on your property. There are only a few species of live oak, but the primary species are interior live oaks and escarpment.
Like all the other states, Louisiana State has its flower associated with it: the serene and magnificent magnolia blossom that is a treat for the eyes and the senses. It was appointed as Louisiana's state flower in 1900.
SWAMP SUNFLOWER (Helianthus angustifolius), aka Narrowleaf Sunflower, is one of the bright yellow native plants blooming now across Louisiana.
Gardenias are one of those plants we consider one of our Southern heritage plants. Although they are native to the Far East (like so many of our Southern heritage plants), we have grown them in the South for so many generations we feel they are part of our culture and gardening tradition.
- Century Plant (Agave americana)
- Butterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa) ...
- Cream Wild Indigo (Baptisia bracteata) ...
- Tickseed Sunflower (Bidens aristosa) ...
- Crossvine (Bignonia capreolata) ...
- Watershield (Brasenia schreberi) ...
- Tall Thistle (Cirsium altissimum) ...
- Swamp Lily (Crinum americanum)
The City of Natchitoches is the heart of Natchitoches Parish. Founded in 1714 the site was established near a village of Natchitoches Indians. As the oldest permanent settlement in the Louisiana Purchase territory, its history is also a story of the development of our nation.
Yes, some hibiscuses are hardy in Louisiana. One of them, the Luna series hibiscus, has been named a Louisiana Super Plant selection for spring 2014. Louisiana gardeners have long loved the tropical hibiscus, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis.
The century plant (Agave americana) has been around for many centuries. It can be found throughout most of Florida and California. It also grows in southern Texas and Louisiana.
Some of the more popular leafy crops are Swiss chard, collards, spinach, mustard, turnip greens and lettuce. Endive, escarole, kale, arugula and the greens of mesclun mix also do very well during the cooler months in Louisiana. Other leafy crops of great value are cabbage and Chinese cabbage.
Common Mullein is native to Europe, Asia, and Africa, but this wildflower is now considered a naturalized species in Louisiana. It grows so well that it can take over roadsides, meadows, and pasture lands.
It may be towards the end of summer, but you can still plant sunflowers and enjoy them during the fall. In north Louisiana, try to complete sunflower planting by the third week in August. In central Louisiana, plant them by the end of the month, and south Louisiana gardeners can plant sunflowers through Labor Day.
The Longest-Blooming Gardenia
Enjoy fragrant, vibrant blooms for up to three months! August Beauty Gardenias get their name because they bloom deep into summer- no other gardenias bloom this vibrantly in August!
Gardenias hate cold weather and the tips of the leaves yellow off through winter. So forget the Epsom Salts. Instead, give your gardenias a good feed in spring, using aged chicken or duck manure.
Gardenias use a lot of nutrients to produce so many glorious blossoms. Feed your shrubs by applying an acidic, slow-release fertilizer such as an azalea or camellia fertilizer. For the organic gardener, blood meal, fish emulsion or bone meal work well.
Limelight hydrangea is a Louisiana Super Plant that will add a 'wow factor' to your garden. The color of hydrangea flowers is determined by the soil: acidic for blue blooms, alkaline for pink. Merritt's Supreme is a bigleaf hydrangea, which prefers partial sun and needs regular watering, especially during extreme heat.
Zinnias can be planted throughout the warm season in Louisiana. Typically, you should plant in April or early May. Some years, a spring planting looks good into fall, and some years a spring planting only looks good until mid- or late summer.
How to Grow and Care for Woodland Phlox.
|Common Name||Woodland phlox, wild blue phlox|
|Native Area||North America|