10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (2023)

Have you discovered some weeds with black berries growing in your yard?

In this list, we take a look at the most common types and help you identify them using photos and descriptions.

Let’s dive in.

Contents show

Weeds With Black Berries

Weeds with black berries can be edible or poisonous plants, so it’s helpful to know which species you’re dealing with.

Here are some of the most common types:

Deadly Nightshade (Atropa belladonna)

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (1)

Caution is advised if you come across this weed. Also known as belladonna, deadly nightshade is notorious for being a highly poisonous weed with black berries.

All parts of the plant are toxic. Eating the weed’s sweet-tasting black berries can be fatal, and even just handling deadly nightshade can make you ill from toxins that pass through the skin. If you’re lucky touching the plant will only lead to severe dermatitis.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (2)

The berries are one of the most recognizable parts of the weed. At first green, deadly nightshade berries turn black and shiny as they ripen, resembling cherries.

Before the black berries appear, deadly nightshade is easily identified by its purple bell-shaped flowers, that bloom from June to September. After flowering, the fruit quickly appears.

The weed has pale green, oval-shaped leaves that are pointed and ribbed. The leaves have smooth edges and grow alternately from the stem.

Deadly nightshade is often seen in woodlands, scrubland, and growing along paths and banks.

Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

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(Video) Weed Identification - Identify 21 Common Weeds in Lawn

Virginia creeper is a perennial woody vine weed with black berries often found around orchards, vineyards, and gardens.

Virginia creeper is a fast-growing vine that’s sometimes mistaken for poison ivy. But unlike poison ivy, Virginia creeper has five leaflets making up its compound leaves that taper to a pointed tip with saw-toothed edges. And Virginia creeper doesn’t produce urushiol oil, the skin irritant that poison ivy is notorious for. But it does produce sap that causes a skin rash in highly sensitive people.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (4)

Virginia creeper grows well in full sun to full shade and can climb up to 30 ft. with adhesive pads at the end of tendrils holding the vine in place. When Virginia creeper blooms, it produces clusters of yellow flowers at the end of green-red stalks.

In the fall, Virginia creeper leaves turn red, and the flowers give way to dark blue-black berries at the end of the now bright red stalks. The berries are poisonous, so don’t eat them. But every part of the plant is toxic, containing oxalate crystals. In particular, the seeds, seed pods, and leaves have high oxalate crystal levels.

American Pokeweed (Phytolacca Americana)

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Also called pokeberry, pokeweed is a large and problematic perennial broadleaf weed. Pokeweed is an invasive weed because it can spread rapidly in an area, growing in dense, tall bushes that crowd out and displace other plants.

You can easily identify pokeweed when it bears fruit. Pokeweed has attractive, purple-black berries that are tempting to eat, but make sure you don’t. Every part of pokeweed is toxic, including the poisonous berries.

Pokeweed is sometimes used as a traditional folk remedy for skin complaints, joint pains, and tonsilitis. But this isn’t a safe weed to use for medicinal purposes.

The poke berries contain seeds that help the weed to spread. So even if you don’t remove the plant, it’s worth removing the fruit, especially if you have young children who might put the berries in their mouths.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (6)

When pokeweed isn’t producing fruit, you can recognize the weed by its thick red stems, green-white flowers, and large green leaves with long petioles.

For more weeds with purple berries, check out our identification guide.

English Ivy (Hedera helix)

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Native to many parts of Europe and western Asia, English ivy is used by some gardeners as a low-maintenance ground cover. But it’s also considered a noxious and invasive weed in many parts of North America and Australia.

English ivy is an evergreen, perennial woody vine that easily escapes from gardens, invading nearby forests, parks, and other natural areas where it chokes out and displaces native vegetation, creating ‘ivy deserts’ (1).

English ivy vines trail or climb and can grow up to 100 feet with stems that reach 1 foot wide. The dark green leaves grow alternately and have whitish veins. The leaves vary from unlobed to 3-5 lobed.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (8)

(Video) Can You Identify These WEEDS & BERRIES?

English ivy is a weed with round black berries, that are fleshy, with a hard stone-like seed in the center. The black berries usually ripen over the winter. Don’t eat the berries — they’re poisonous.

The plant produces small greenish-yellow flowers from late summer to early fall, growing in clusters at the tips of flowering stems.

Bushkiller Vine (Cayratia japonica)

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (9)

Bushkiller is a perennial vine that’s native to Asia and Australia but is now present as an invasive climbing weed with black berries in some states in the US.

Bushkiller vine has compound leaves that consist of 5 leaflets, which sometimes leads to people misidentifying the plant as Virginia creeper (2). One way to tell the difference is that the central leaflet doesn’t have its own stem on Virginia creeper.

Orange or salmon-colored flowers are visible in late summer. The flowers are small and develop in clusters. The flowers produce small, grape-like black berries, each containing 2-4 seeds.

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CAYRATIA JAPONICA BY PHONON.B,CC BY 4.0, VIA WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

Bushkiller climbs nearby structures and trees, producing dense foliage that can block sunlight to nearby plants. The troublesome viney weed also competes with desirable plants for nutrients and water from the soil, reducing their growth.

Common places to find bushkiller vine growing are disturbed ground in residential areas, fallow fields, harvested forests, and overgrazed pastures.

Purple Leaf Japanese Honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica ‘Purpurea’)

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Purple leaf Japanese honeysuckle is a sprawling vine that grows fast. The climbing weed quickly covers outbuildings, walls, and other obstacles that get in its way. The weed also forms a thick ground cover when unsupported.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (12)

Forest & Kim Starr, CC BY 3.0 US, via Wikimedia Commons

The twining stems have dark green leaves that are tinged with purple. It blooms from spring through to late summer, producing fragrant purple-red flowers with white interiors. The flowers eventually give way to small purple-black berries.

Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum, Solanum ptycanthum, Solanum americanum)

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (13)

There are three closely related plants called black nightshade (3) in North America, sharing similar characteristics:

  • European black nightshade (Solanum nigrum), also called blackberry nightshade, is native to Eurasia and an introduced species in other parts of the world.
  • American black nightshade (Solanum americanum), also called glossy nightshade, is native to the Americas, Melanesia, and Australia.
  • Eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptychanthum), also called West Indian black nightshade, is native to North America. This weed with black berries is found widely, growing in all US states apart from Oregon, Nevada, California, and Washington state. You can also find it growing in the southern provinces of Canada.
(Video) Blackberry Identification

The black nightshades are broadleaf annual weeds with small black berries that grow in clusters. The weeds have leaves that grow alternately on short stalks.

Some strains of black nightshade are poisonous while others are edible weeds. The plants also resemble deadly nightshade, so unless you know what you’re doing, make sure you don’t eat the juicy black berries or other parts of the plant.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (14)

You’ll often find black nightshade growing in areas of rich soil. Which might include your lawn and garden. But you’re also likely to see it along roadsides, river banks, and areas where the soil is disturbed, such as cultivated land.

Wild Blackberry (Rubus spp.)

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Also called brambles, there are a number of species of wild blackberry that are weeds, including the non-native species Himalayan blackberry (Rubus armeniacus), and cutleaf blackberry (Rubus laciniatus).

There are also native species of wild blackberry sometimes considered weeds, such as Western thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus) which causes problems in reforested areas by competing with conifers, and Pacific blackberry (Rubus ursinus), known for infesting areas next to ditches and streams.

Of these weedy wild blackberry species, Himalayan blackberry is the most troublesome and common.

You’ll often find wild blackberry bushes growing in neglected areas, forming dense bramble thickets of impenetrable tangled woody stems.

Wild blackberries tend to grow best in sunny locations but still thrive in partial shade, developing arching stems that grow up to 8 ft. long. The bramble stems are stiff like canes and root in places where the tips touch the soil.

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (16)

Wild blackberries don’t flower or produce fruit until their second year of growth. But when they do, you’ll notice the weeds have black juicy berries that are popular with people who forage for wild berries, because unlike many other weeds with black berries, they are edible.

Common Greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia)

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COMMON GREENBRIER BY FRANKLIN BONNER,USFS (RET.), BUGWOOD.ORG, CC BY 3.0, VIA WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

Common greenbrier is also known as catbrier or roundleaf greenbrier. Common greenbrier is native to Eastern and South-Eastern North America, and you’ll usually see it growing in woods and forests.

This weed has long woody vines with large black-tipped thorns. In the fall, the weed produces bluish-black berries that grow from the vines in loose bunches and stay throughout the winter, often lasting until spring.

The vines grow up to 25 feet long, are hard like canes, and are pale green in color. The vines grow over the ground and climb over objects and vegetation with the help of small tendrils.

(Video) Blackberries In All These Weeds?

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (18)

COMMON GREENBRIER BY JUDY GALLAGHER

The leaves are green, glossy, and oval-shaped, growing from the stems on petioles. Depending on the location, the plant flowers sometime from April to June, producing greenish-white flowers that grow in clusters of 3-20 flowers.

Lantana (Lantana camara)

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FOREST & KIM STARR, CC BY 3.0, VIA WIKIMEDIA COMMONS

Lantana is native to the tropical Americas but was introduced as an ornamental in many southern states in the 19th century. Lantana is now naturalized throughout the South East from Florida to Texas, where it often has a reputation for being a troublesome invasive weed. Commercial varieties sold as ornamentals are now sterile and non-invasive.

Lantana plants are perennial shrubs well-known for their bright, colorful flowers that bloom throughout the growing season and small shiny black berries, each containing two seeds. The flowers have 4-petals and can be orange, white, or pink, with different colored flowers sometimes growing in the same cluster (4).

10 Weeds With Black Berries [EASY Identification] (20)

Lantana is a tall weed with black berries, growing from 6-15 feet. Ovate leaves grow opposite along square stems and produce an unpleasant odor when crushed.

Lantana quickly invades disturbed sites. The plant is allelopathic, producing chemicals in the roots and stems that inhibit the growth of nearby competing plants.

The toxins produced by the plant also make the leaves poisonous for animals to consume. But the black berries are edible when completely ripe.

Read More:

  • Weeds With Little Red Berries

References:

(Video) Weed Identification
  1. Hedera helix – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hedera_helix
  2. Bushkiller (Cayratia japonica) – https://extension.tennessee.edu/publications/Documents/W230.pdf
  3. Black Nightshade – https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_nightshade
  4. Largeleaf lantana – https://www.invasiveplantatlas.org/subject.html?sub=3031

FAQs

What are the names of all the weeds? ›

If you are new to weeds – get to know these very common ones first: Annual meadow grass, scutch, daisy, dandelion, groundsel, mayweed, smooth sowthistle, hairy bitter cress, shepherd's purse, chickweed, fat hen, bindweed, petty spurge, fumitory, red deadnettle, white clover, willowherb, knotgrass, red shank, dock, ...

What are the most common garden weeds? ›

11 Most Common Lawn Weeds (and How to Get Rid of Them)
  • Dandelion (Taraxacum)
  • Crabgrass (Digitaria)
  • White clover (Trifolium repens)
  • Ragweed (Ambrosia spp.)
  • Chickweed (Stellaria media)
  • Creeping Charlie (Glechoma hederacea)
  • Oxalis (Oxalis stricta)
  • Spotted spurge (Euphorbia maculata)
16 Jun 2022

What are weeds in plants? ›

A plant that is growing in an area where it is not wanted. The complicated definition is: Weeds are plants which are undesirable, persistent, damaging and interfere with growth of other crop plants thus affecting human activities, agriculture, natural processes and economy of the country.

What are 3 types of weeds? ›

Life cycle
  • Annuals - Annual weeds complete their life cycle in one year or less. Most reproduce only by seeds. ...
  • Biennials - Weeds that live more than one year but not more than two years.
  • Perennials - Perennial weeds are weeds that live more than two years.

What are weeds for Class 8? ›

The unwanted plants that grow in-between crops are called weeds. The process of removal of such unwanted plants is called weeding. Weeding is important in agriculture because weeds are competitive plants as they reduce the useful crop yield by acquiring space, fertilizers, and nutrients from the soil.

What are weeds for Class 6? ›

What are weeds? Ans: The unwanted plants that grow in the fields with the main crops or in their surroundings are called weeds. Weeds are the plants which are not grown by the farmers.

How many weeds are there? ›

There are approximately 250,000 species of plants worldwide; of those, about 3% or 8000 species behave as weeds.

What are the names of weeds and their botanical names? ›

Common and Scientific Names of Weeds
Common NameScientific Name
AsparagusAsparagus officinalis
Barley, hareHordeum leporinum
BarnyardgrassEchinochloa crus-galli
BermudagrassCynodon dactylon
60 more rows

Is there an app to identify weeds by picture? ›

ID Weeds allows you to search for weeds by their common or latin name, view a list of weeds, or identify weeds based upon a number of different characteristics. Details about each weed are presented, along with photograph(s) of the weed specified.

What are weeds for Class 4? ›

Weeds are defined as unwanted plants in crop fields which grow along with the main crop. They are strong and dominating competitors for crops.

How do I get rid of weeds in Class 8? ›

Tilling: In this method, weeds are removed by uprooting or killing them before sowing the seeds. Manual labour: In this method, weeds are removed by uprooting them which are close to the ground, from time to time with the help of khurpi. Use of weedicides: Weedicide is a chemical used to remove weeds from the field.

Which weeds grow with which crops? ›

Solution : Amaranthus is the common weed which grows along with every crop. Weeds are unwanted plants that compete with the main crops for water, minerals and sunlight and reduce crop yield.

What kind of weeds grow flowers? ›

Just like daisy weeds and white clovers, violets are perennial weeds. These produce flowers that are either white or lavender in color, and although they may look pretty, they can become pretty invasive and difficult to manage if you don't treat them with the proper herbicide quickly.

What is creeping Charlie look like? ›

What does creeping Charlie look like? Creeping Charlie produces bright green, round or kidney-shaped leaves that have scalloped edges. The leaves are produced opposite each other on square (i.e., four-sided), creeping stems that root at the nodes. In spring, small, bluish-purple,funnel-shaped flowers appear.

What are weeds in grass? ›

What Are Weeds. Simply put, a weed is any plant that's growing where it is not wanted. Lawn weeds belong to one of three categories: broadleaf, grassy, or grass-like. Broadleaf Weed. Identify It: Leaves are broad and flat (not grassy or needle-like).

Is creeping Charlie edible? ›

As a matter of fact, yes, creeping Charlie (also known as ground ivy) is edible. A prime and often cursed at weed of turfgrass and other landscape areas, creeping Charlie is native to Europe and southern Asia but was brought into North America for use medicinally.

What is chickweed look like? ›

Common chickweed grows erect to prostrate and sometimes is matlike. Stems are mostly forked and have a line of hairs down either side. Leaves are broadly egg shaped, have a pointy tip, and are mostly hairless or have hairy margins at the base. The leaves are spaced evenly and are opposite to one another along the stem.

What are weeds Name any two? ›

Weed is a wild plant growing where it is not wanted and in competition with cultivated plants. The two common weeds are Amaranth and Taraxacum officinale. It is important to remove weeds from the fields because they rob soil moisture and nutrients from the crop and decrease harvest efficiencies.

What are weeds name some common weeds? ›

Weeds are unwanted plants that grow along with the crop plants. The common weeds found in India are Amaranthus (chaulai) and Chenopodium (bathua). Was this answer helpful?

Why should weeds be removed from the field Class 4? ›

Weeds compete with the crop plants for all essential requirements like water, nutrients, space and light and reduce the growth of crop in various ways. Hence it is important to remove weeds from the cultivated field in early stage of the crop in order to get a high yield of the crop.

What are weeds Class 5? ›

Weeds are unwanted and uncultivated plants that grow with crops and compete with crops for nutrients and can also cause crop toxification. Weeding is removal of weeds and is mostly done before flowering begins in crop plants. It is done using trowel, harrow or weedicides.

Why are weeds harmful what is used to remove them Class 8? ›

They compete for nutrients and water with main crop. So weeds are very harmful. Process of controlling the weed is called weeding. Weeding is done manually by using khurpi and by using mechanical machines.

How are weeds adapted for Growth Class 8? ›

Answer: Weeds have adapted to many kinds of selective forces created by our crop management systems. Below take a look at just some of the examples of this weedy adaptation. Weeds have developed specialized structures on their seeds to ensure the seed is dispersed far from their parent plants.

What are the common weeds in rice? ›

The 10 most common weed species of rice worldwide are Echinochloa crusgalis, E. colonum, Cyperus difformis, C. rotundus, C. iria, Eleusine indica, Fimbristylis miliacea, Ischaemum rugosum, Monochoria vaginalis and Sphenoclea zeylanica.

What are weeds in agriculture? ›

Weeds are commonly defined as plants that are unwanted where they grow. This nega- tive perception emerged with agriculture and relates to the damage they cause to crops. In addition to direct competition with crops (or parasitism), weeds cause indi- rect damage by harbouring insect pests and crop pathogens.

Is there a completely free app to identify plants? ›

Download PlantSnap for free on Android (here) and iOS (here). We hope you're excited to use PlantSnap for free! Your feedback on the app is always appreciated.

Which is the best plant identifier free app? ›

The Best Plant Identification Apps
  • PlantSnap.
  • Planta.
  • Leafsnap.
  • GardenAnswers.
  • iNaturalist.
  • Pl@ntNet.
  • PictureThis.
  • Plantix.
2 Aug 2022

How many types of weeds are there? ›

There are approximately 250,000 species of plants worldwide; of those, about 3% or 8000 species behave as weeds.

What are the names of weeds and their botanical names? ›

Common and Scientific Names of Weeds
Common NameScientific Name
AsparagusAsparagus officinalis
Barley, hareHordeum leporinum
BarnyardgrassEchinochloa crus-galli
BermudagrassCynodon dactylon
60 more rows

What are the 3 kinds of weeds? ›

Life cycle
  • Annuals - Annual weeds complete their life cycle in one year or less. Most reproduce only by seeds. ...
  • Biennials - Weeds that live more than one year but not more than two years.
  • Perennials - Perennial weeds are weeds that live more than two years.

What are the purple weeds called? ›

It is probably either purple deadnettle (Lamium purpureum) or henbit (Lamium amplexicaule). These weeds often get confused because they look similar. They both belong to the mint family, have square stems, have an ascending growth habit, opposite leaves, purple/pink flowers, and are winter annuals.

What is weeds Class 8 Short answer? ›

Undesirable Plants which grow along with the main plants are called weeds. We control growth of weeds using process known as weeding.

What are weeds Class 9? ›

Weeds are the unwanted plants that grow in the garden or fields of crops and prevent the growth of desirable plants. They are the plants which are not grown by the farmers. Examples include grass, dandelions, plantain, thistle, etc.

Why are weeds called weeds? ›

The definition of a weed is a plant growing where it is not wanted. It can also include plants that were not intentionally sown in a specific location or plants that are more competitive or interfere with the activity of people.

What are the common weeds in rice? ›

The 10 most common weed species of rice worldwide are Echinochloa crusgalis, E. colonum, Cyperus difformis, C. rotundus, C. iria, Eleusine indica, Fimbristylis miliacea, Ischaemum rugosum, Monochoria vaginalis and Sphenoclea zeylanica.

What are the spiky weeds called? ›

Burr Medic, Goat Head Weed, and Lawn Burweed are low-growing prickly lawn weeds. Spiny Sowthistle and Spiny Cocklebur are high-growing spiky weeds you may see on your lawn that can release painful burrs you may never see.

What are the six classification of weeds 6? ›

When classified by their gross morphological features, weeds are broken into three major categories: grasses, sedges, and broadleaf weeds. When classified by their life cycle, they are broken into annual, biennial, and perennial.

Is there an app to identify weeds by picture? ›

ID Weeds allows you to search for weeds by their common or latin name, view a list of weeds, or identify weeds based upon a number of different characteristics. Details about each weed are presented, along with photograph(s) of the weed specified.

What is chickweed look like? ›

Common chickweed grows erect to prostrate and sometimes is matlike. Stems are mostly forked and have a line of hairs down either side. Leaves are broadly egg shaped, have a pointy tip, and are mostly hairless or have hairy margins at the base. The leaves are spaced evenly and are opposite to one another along the stem.

What is creeping Charlie look like? ›

What does creeping Charlie look like? Creeping Charlie produces bright green, round or kidney-shaped leaves that have scalloped edges. The leaves are produced opposite each other on square (i.e., four-sided), creeping stems that root at the nodes. In spring, small, bluish-purple,funnel-shaped flowers appear.

What are the tall weeds with blue flowers called? ›

CREEPING BELLFLOWER Campanula rapunculoides

Commonly found in lawns. Also known as Creeping Bellflower . Campanula has attractive blue flowers. The stem of this weed is erect with short hairy leaves.

What weeds have blue flowers? ›

Weeds with blue flowers in your grass have different varieties. You can have corn speedwell, blue-eyed grass, tiny bluets, common blue violets, or Siberian squill. Carpetweed, Asiatic dayflower, and blue oxalis are common weeds with tiny blue flowers that sprout in lawns in the spring as well.

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